Wazir Jahan Karim obtained her PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences in economic anthropology. She is Distinguished Fellow and Founder of the Academy of Socio-Economic Research and Analysis [ASERA] and is currently a Life Member of Clare Hall, U. of Cambridge. ASERA is a global think-thank and research collective focusing on economic justice.

She is a co- founder of Gender Studies in Malaysia (KANITA, USM: 1978-2001) and Founding Director of the Women's Development Research Centre at Universiti Sains Malaysia ( KANITA,USM: 2001-2004). She is also Founder and the Founding President of the Southeast Asian Association for Gender Studies (SAMA), 1992-1996), now based in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

She has authored and edited several books on minorities in Islam and women including Ma' Betise' Concepts of Living Things , Athlone Press:London:1981;Berg,Oxford:2004; Emotions of Culture: A Malay Perspective, Oxford University Press; Singapore 1990; Women and Culture: Between Malay Adat and Islam, Westview Press: Boulder 1992; 'Male and 'Female' in Developing Southeast Asia, Berg Publishers: Oxford:1995 and Gendered Fields: Women, Men , Ethnography with D.Bell and P.Caplan, Routledge: London 1994. She co-authored and co-edited Cultural Minorities of Peninsular Malaysia: Survivals of Indigenous Heritage, AKASS and Toyota Foundation: Penang, 2002, with Mohd Razha Rashid and Straits Muslims: Diasporas of the Northern Passage of the Straits of Malacca, Straits G.T: George Town 2009. Her latest book is Feasts of Penang: Muslim Culinary Heritage, Malaysian Publishing House (MPH): Kuala Lumpur, 2013. Her contributions to chapters in books and referred articles in journals number more than sixty.


She has received several awards, fellowships and citations for outstanding scholarship and academic excellence, including the prestigious Raymond Firth Prize (1977) from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, the Rotary Golden Medal for Most Outstanding Scholar in the Social Sciences in 1999, the Anugerah Sanjung for Best International Scholar, USM in 2004; Outstanding Woman Academician, Penang State (2005). She is frequently cited in Malaysia's Whose Who on Women Leaders. She has been a Ford Foundation Fellow (1974-1975); Commonwealth Fellow (1975-1977); Fulbright Fellow (1984) British Academy Professorial Fellow and Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences, LSE (1990); Visiting Professor at the Institute of Anthropology, University of Oslo (1991); Visiting Professor at the Centre for the Study of Cultures and Languages of Asia and Africa Tokyo University of Foreign Studies (1995-1996); Visiting Professor at Sophia University, Tokyo (1996); Visiting Professor at the United Nation University, UNU (2003); Visiting Professor at the Department of Malay Studies and Centre for Women Studies, University of Victoria, Wellington (1998); Visiting Professor at the University of Kent at Canterbury in 2002. In 2003, she held the Andrew's Chair in Asian Studies at the University of Hawaii, Manoa.

She was appointed Distinguished Fellow of The Social Institute, Malaysia in 2005 and was a member of the National Women's Advisory Council, Malaysia, (2006-2010). In 2006, she was appointed Life fellow of Clare Hall, U. of Cambridge. She was Advisor for Muslim Affairs in Penang Heritage Trust from 2005-2013. She currently sits on the International Advisory Board of 'Globalizations' and 'Rethinking Globalization' (Routledge: London, 2009- ). In 2008 she was awarded the Maal Hijrah Award by the Malay Association of Penang (Pemenang) for 'Outstanding Educationist'. She is currently Trustee of the Pan Pacific Southeast Asia Women's Association (PPSEAWA), Malaysian Branch, the oldest global woman's organisation, committed to the economic and social development of women and children (1914).


2002-2004 : Co-led Campaign, with Penang Heritage Trust (PHT), Academy of Socio-economic Research and Analysis (ASERA) and Badan Warisan Lebuh Acheh to save the Kedah-Sumatran heritage enclave of Masjid Melayu Lebuh Acheh from being developed into a modern four storey apartment block in the Masjid Compound.
2004-2009 : Led Campaign to save and restore Rumah Teh Bunga, No 138, Jalan Hutton. Assisted by the Penang State Museum Board and the Academy of Socio-economic Research and Analysis (ASERA).
2005-06 : Promotion of Nusantara Textiles and Indigenous Enterprises, "Penang Civil Society Project 1& 2": Assisted by the Pan Pacific Southeast Asia Association (PPSEAWA) and the Academy of Socio-economic Research and Analysis (ASERA).
2008-2009 : Completed Work on the Dossier, "The Rehabilitation and Remapping of Tanjong Tokong". Presented to and adopted by the State Government on 26th February, 2010. The Penang State Government declared Tanjong Tokong a heritage village area in 2011 but the village has yet to be gazetted under the State Heritage Act 2011. Assisted by the Academy of Socio-economic Research and Analysis (ASERA) and Penang Heritage Trust (PHT).See
2010 : Report on "Penang Civil Society: Civil Governance, Social Change and Reform". See Assisted by the Public Affairs Division of the United States Embassy, K Lumpur.
April 2011-2012 : Promotion of Straits Muslims and Jawi Peranakan Culinary History and Heritage. Assisted by Think City Sdn. Bhd. Published by MPH 2013.
December 2012- February 2013) : Cultural Mapping of Muslim Heritage in George Town: Assisted by George Town World Heritage Incorporated (GTWHI).
January 2010-currently : Led campaign to conserve The Heritage of the Jawi Peranakans of Malaysia. Founded the Jawi Peranakan Heritage Society, Penang.



: Malaysian


: Islam

Current Status

: Independent Scholar; Director, Distinguished Fellow ASERA, Executive Director INAS, Life Fellow/Member, Cambridge



Educational Status

1954 - 69 : Primary and Secondary School Convent Bukit Nanas , K Lumpur
1969 - 72 : B Soc Sc (U of Singapore/NUS)
1972 - 74 : M Phil ( Econs) London School of Economics & Pol. Sciences ((LSE) , U of London
1974 - 77 : PhD (Anthropology) London School of Economics & Pol. Sciences (LSE) U of London

Fellowships and Awards

1972 : Ford Foundation SEAsian Fellowship for Doctoral Research in Econonic Anthropology
1974 : Commonwealth Scholarship for Doctoral Research in Economic Anthropology
1977 : Raymond Firth Award for Best Doctoral Research and Thesis (LSE: Anthropology)
1981 : Lee Foundation, Travel Fellowship Grant.
&1984 - 85 : Fulbright Fellow, (Chicago and Harvard (Radcliffe)
1988 : Canadian Asean Fund Travel Fellowship
1990 : British Council Travel Fellowship
1990 : British Academy Fellowship (LSE)
1991 : Visiting Professorship, Institute of Anthropology, U. of Oslo
1995 : Visiting Professorship, ISLCAA) Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
1996 : Visiting Professorship (CASA), University of Amsterdam
2000 : Visiting Professorship, University of Victoria, Wellington
2001 : Rotary Gold Medal for Outstanding Contributions to the Social Sciences
2001 : Visiting Professorship (CICHE) University of Kent at Canterbury
2001 : Visiting Professorship, Ethnographic Museum University of Oslo
2003 : Chair, Andrews Chair (Asian Studies) Univ. of Hawaii
2004 : Sanggar Sanjung Award, USM for Most Outstanding International Scholar
2005 : Award for Best Academic, Penang State , Women and Family Dev. Council
2005 : Distinguished Fellow, Social Institute of Malaysia (ISM)
2006 : Fellow (Prof) Clare Hall, U. of Cambridge
2007 : Life Member, Clare Hall, U. of Cambridge
2007 : Senior Research Fellow, Asia-Europe Institute (AEI) University of Malaya

Public /Academic Service Record

1974 : Tutor, Faculty of Economics, University of Malaya
1975 - 78 : Lecturer, University of Malaya
1978 - 2004 : Lecturer, Assoc Prof and Professor in Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  Retired 2004
1978 - 2004 : Senator, USM
1978 - 79 : Chairperson, Anthropology/Sociology (USM)
1978 - 91 : Convenor, Women and Children's Research Group (KANITA), USM
1980 : Member of the Mal. Br. Of the Royal Asiatic Soc.
1985 - 87 : Member, Promotions Committee, Category A, USM
&1988 - 90 : President, Women's Association, USM
1991 - 2001 : Convenor, Women and Human Resource Studies Unit (KANITA), USM
1991 - 2001 : Intensification of Research Priority Areas (IRPA) Soc. Sc. Research Panel , Member
2001 - 04 : Director-General, Academy of Social Sciences (AKASS)
1993 - 96 : Founding President, SE Asian Association for Gender Studies (SAMA)
1996 : International Editorial Board, Anthropological Forum (Univ. of West. Australia)
1996 : International Editorial Board, Br. Medical Anthropological. Review, Univ. of London
1999 - 2004 : Advisor, Universiti Putra Malaysia (Faculty of Human Ecology)
1999 - 2004 : Academic Assessor (Promotions) UKM
1999 - 2004 : Chairperson, Research & Resource Committee, Women & Fam Council. Penang
2000 - 02 : Council Member, Penang Heritage Trust (PHT)
2000 - 04 : Chairperson, Soc. Sc. Research Committee
2001 - 04 : Director, Women's Development Research Centre (KANITA), USM
2001 - 06 : President, Pan Pacific SEAsian Women's Assoc. Penang Chap.
2000 - 05 : Penang Museum Board Member
2002 - 04 : Key Consultant, Min of Women, Family and Community, Malaysia
2003 - 09 : TODA Institute of Peace and Policy, Council Member, Honolulu
2004 : Advisor on Muslim Heritage, Penang Heritage Trust (PHT)
2004 : Executive Director, Academy of Socio-Economic Research (ASERA)
2004 : Member, Panel of Experts, UNESCO Committee for the Social Sciences
2005 : Member, State Advisory Council for Women, Malaysia (Education Res.)
2005 - 09 : Member, National Advisory Council for Women
2007 - 09 : Member Editorial Board, Globalisations and Rethinking Globalisation
  (Taylor and Francis: Routledge)
2009 : Member of Administrative Committee for the Establishment of the Jawi Peranakan
  Museum and Institute of Ethnology, Penang Malay Society (Pemenang)
2010 : Volunteer for Social Advocacy on Tanjong Tokong ; writer of the Dossier on Tanjong Tokong
2011 : Assessor for Projects on Think City Sdn Bhd.,A subsidiary of Khazanah Nasional
2011 : Executive Director of Intersocietal and Scientific (INAS) an affiliate of ASERA;
committed to applied research on conservation and heritage
2015 : Life Trustee of the Pan Pacific Southeast Asia Women’s Association (PPSEAWA),
Malaysian Branch
2015 : Awarded from Penang State Government,
Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negeri (DMPN)



1981 : Ma' Betise' Concepts of Living Things. Athlone Press: London.republished Berg: Oxford ,2004.
1990 : ed. Emotions of Culture: A Malay Perspective. Oxford Univ. Press: Sing.
1992 : Women and Culture: Between Malay Adat and Islam. Westview Press: Boulder
1993 : Gendered Fields: Women, Men, Ethnography. with D Bell & P Caplan eds, Routledge: London
1995 : ed. Male and Female in Developing SEAsia. Berg: Oxford
2002 : eds. Cultural Minorities of Peninsular Malaysia: Survivals of Indigenous Heritage with M Razha Rashid.Academy of Soc. Sciences and The Toyota Foundation.
2009 : ed. Straits Muslims : Diasporas of the Northern Passage of the Straits of Malacca. Ed.Straits G.T.: George Town.
2013 : Feasts of Penang: Muslim Culinary Heritage. Malaysian Publishing House (MPH): Kuala Lumpur.
2017 : Boria: From Passion Play to Malay- Jawi Peranakan Parody. Pelanduk Publications: Kuala Lumpur (published by Sept. 2017).
2018 : Feminism Undaunted: Memoirs of a Muslim Feminist. . World Scientific Publications: Singapore (publishing, April 2018).
2018 : The Global Nexus: Its Political Economies, Interconnectivity and the Social Sciences. . World Scientific Publications: Singapore (publishing, April 2018).

Occasional Papers(OP), Chapters(C) , Articles(A) and Book Reviews(BR)

1973 : "The Varying Effects of Urbanisation and Urban Growth on the Soc.Org. of African Towns
  and Cities: Some Theoretical considerations, in Manusia dan Masyarakat
  (Man & Society), 2: 52-62 (A)
1980 a : "The Nature of Kinship in Ma'Betisek Villages", in Federation Museum Journal,
  ns 25:119-136 (A)
1980 b : "The Affinal Bond: A Review of Ma' Betisek Marriages on Carey Island" in
  Federation Museum Journal
, ns 25: 137-150 (A)
1980 c : "Children of the Garden: Concepts of Size, Space and Time in Child-Socialization
  among the Ma'Betisek and the Malays" in Federation Museum Journal, ns. 25:151-55 (A)
1980 d : "Evaluative Research on Women and Children: Aims and Methodology" in
  KANITA Papers March 1:14-18 (A)
1981 : "Ma" Betisek Concepts of Humans, Plants and Animals" in
  Bijdragen Tot de Taal, Land-en, Volkenkunde, 137,35-60 (A)
1982 : "An Evaluation of Participatory Research as a Method in Developing Community Skills
  and Decision-Making" in Convergence: Int. Journal of Adult Education. 15 (4):52-59 (A)
1983 : "Malay Women's Movements, Leadership and Processes of Change" in
  Int. Soc. Science Journal, 35 (4):719-731 (A)
1984 a : "Malay Wives and Midwives" in Social Science and Medicine 18 (22):159-166 (A)
1984 b : AC Milner 1982 Kerajaan Malaya: Political Culture on the Eve of Colonial Rule Univ. of
  Arizona Press: Tucson Series : Mono, of the Assoc. of Asian Studies No 40 Review in
  Kajian Malaysia / J Of Malaysian Studies. June 1984 (BR)
1985 a : "Women in Industry: Electronic Women". In Inside Asia, 6:20-21 (A)
1985 b : "History and the Interpretation of Culture: A Commentary on the Sullivan-Milner Debate
  from point of View of an Anthropologist". in Kajian Malaysia / J of Malaysian Studies,
  3 (!):163-168 (A)
1985 c : J Schwartz, "The Sexual Politics of Jean-Jacques Rousseau",
  Univ. Of Chicago Press: Chicago 1984 in Kajian Malaysia / J of Malaysian Studies (BR)
1985 d : H Strange, Rural Malaysian Women: Tradition and Transition,
  Praeger Special Studies: New York 1981 Review in Kajian Malaysia / J .of
  Malaysian Studies
1985 e : A Y Hing, NS Karim, R Talib, Women in Malaysia, Pelanduk: P Jaya 1984,
  Review in Ilmu Masyarakat, April-Sept. 1985 (BR)
1986 : N Heyzer, Working Women in SEAsia, Open Univ. Press: N York. Review in Inside Asia, (BR)
1987a : "Ritual, Ethnicity and Transculturalism in Penang", with R Rashid in Sojourn 3(1) 62-78 (A)
1987 b : "The Status of Malay Women in Malaysia: From Culture to Islam and Industrialization"
  in International Journal of Sociology of the Family, 17(1) 41-45 (A)
1990 a : "Research on Women in Southeast Asia: Current and Future Directions" in
  Women Studies International: Nairobi and Beyond. The Feminist Press: New York (C)
1990 b : "Introduction: Emotions in Perspective" in
  Emotions of Culture: A Malay Perspective. Oxford Univ. Press: Singapore (C)
1990 c : "Prelude to Madness: The Language of Emotion in Courtship and Early Marriage"
  Ibid, Oxford Univ. Press: Singapore
1991 a : S Howell, Che Wong: Society and Cosmos, Chicago Univ. Press. Review in
  Journal of SEAsian Studies (BR)
1992 a : Taming the Winds of Desire, Univ. of California. Press Berkeley. Review in
  Journal of SEAsian Studies (BR)
1992 b : "Women and Human Resource Development in SEAsia", SAMA, Penang 1 (A)
1992 c : "Wanita dan Kerja: Satu Pendekatan Teoritis" in Dedication to
  S Husin Ali ed. Ikmal Said and Halim Ali, PSSM: K Lumpur (C)
1993 a : "Malaysian Traditional Medicine: A Recovery" in
  The Malaysian Development Experience, INTAN: K Lumpur (C)
1993 b : "Women and Politics in Malaysia" in Women in Politics,
  UNESCO Series on Monographs and Occasional Papers 84-131 (C)
1993 c : "With Moyang Melur in Carey Island" in Gendered Fields: Women, Men, Ethnography,
  eds D Bell, P Caplan and W J Karim, Routledge: London
1993 d : "Epilogue: The "Nativised" Self and the Native", Ibid 248-251
1993 e : "Gender Studies in SEAsia", in SEAsian Journal of Soc. Sciences 21:1, 98-113 (A)
1994 : "A Theory of a Distinction of Words Roughly Answering to Sex" in
  Kajian Malaysia June-Dec. 12:1, 160-64 (A)
1995 a : "Bilateralism in SEAsia" in Male and Female in Developing SEAsia,
  ed. WJ Karim, Berg: Oxford (C)
1995 b : "Introduction: Feminist Anthropology and SEAsian Realities".
  Ibid ed. W J Karim, Berg: Oxford (C)
1995 c : "Fatimah: Kisah Perjuangan Puteri Rasulullah", in Ali Shariati,
  Review in Manusia dan Masyarakat (BR)
1995 d : "Cultural Transformation and the Future of Humankind" in
  Pendidikan Tinggi/Higher Education 2:2 ( A)
1995 e : "Understanding Reproductive Change" in
  B Egero and M Hammarskjold, Lund Univ. Press in Social Science and Medicine (BR)
1995 f : Indigenous Minorities of Peninsular Malaysia: Selected Issues and Ethnographies.
  INAS: Penang (Co-ed and author)
1995 g : Promoting Promising Scholarship in the Social Sciences.
  Academy of Social Sciences: Penang
1995 h : "Conspicious Consumption and Classes of Goods" in
  J. of Asian and African Studies, Sept. 52:1-14 (A)
1996 a : Gender and Empowermen. Wertheim Lecture Series, CASA,
  Univ. of Amsterdam: Amsterdam (OP)
1996 b : "Anthropology Without Tears: How a 'local" sees the "local" and the "global",
  in The Future of Anthropological Knowledge. Routledge: London (C)
1997 a : Jangan Lupakan Kami:Cendekiawan dalam Anthropologi Pribumi,
  (Don't Forget Us: The Intellectual in Indigenous Anthropology)
  Inaugural Professorial Lecture Universiti Sains Malaysia : Penang (OP)
1997 b : "Between the Prayer Room and the Japanese Carp Pond in a Malay House", in
  Review of Indonesia and Malaysia/RIMA, Dec. 31:2:121-40
1998 a : A R Mubarak, Low Heng Chin, Quah Soon Hoe, in Women, Culture and Mental Health in
  Malaysia: An Inter-ethnic and Inter-regional Study, KANITA
: Penang (Ed)
1998 b : Twenty Years of KANITA, Twenty Years of Gender, KANITA: Penang (Spec.Issue)
1998 c : Gender Studies in Malaysia and the New Globalistics of Gender Research,
  Occas. Paper. Malay Studies Series. Univ. of Victoria Wellington (OP)
1998 d : Constructing Emotions and World of the Orang Asli,
  Public Lecture. Univ. of Wellington: Victoria (OP)
1998 e : "Traditional Cosmologies, Indigenous Models and the Use of Alternative Medicine in
  Behavioural Models", in Behavioural Models in Medico-Health Research and Intervention,
  IMR/WHO:K Lumpur 121-28 (C)
1998 f : Shifting Cosmologies of Culture and Religion in Malaysia, Occasional. Paper Academia Sinica: Taipeh, April No 13 (OP)
2002 a : "Ethics for a Global Civil Society: Non-Western Perspectives" in Access Empowerment and
  Governance in the Information Age
, MIMOS/NITC: K Lumpur (C)
2002 b : With Razha Rashid, Minority Cultures of Peninsular Malaysia: Survivals of Indigenous
. Academy of Soc. Sciences: Penang (Co-ed and author)
  - Chap.1 Constructing Emotions and World of the Orang Asli, 13-26
  - Chap.3 Material Culture as Technological Transformation: The Ma' Betise' and
     Kintaq Bong, 33-58
  - Chap.5 Minorities of the Minority: Language Death and Patterns of Cultural Extinction.
2002 c : "Philosophies of Gender Equality in Life-Long Learning" in Life-Long Learning,
  Asia-Europe Inst/ Univ. of Malaya: K Lumpur (C)
2003 : "Islam and America" J. of Peace and Policy: Special Ed. "Violence in a Nonviolent World"
  TODA Inst/Honolulu Vol: 8 pp 40-55
2009 : "The Affairs of the Bogeyman: Class, Ethnicity and Migration across the Borders", in eds.
  Lim Teck Ghee, A. Gomes and A. Rahman eds. Multi-ethnic Malaysia: Past, Present and
. Strategic Information and Research Development Centre (SIRD): Kuala Lumpur.
2009 a : "Ethnogenesis of the Straits Malays: An Early Civil Society in Formation" in ed. W. J. Karim,
  Straits Muslims: Diasporas of the Northern Passage of the Straits of Malacca. Straits G.T.
  George Town (C)
2009 b : "The Hadrami Diaspora in the Straits of Malacca: Economic and Political Empowerment
  at the Ocean's Edge" Ibid (C)
2009 c : "Hafiz Ghulam Sarwar (1873-1954) Philosophies of Islam, Civil Society and Civilisations"
  Ibid (C)
2009 d : "Hafiz Ghulam Sarwar: A Biographical Review". Straits G.T.: George Town
2009 e : "Editorial Note": Philosophy of the Qur'an. Straits G.T.: George Town. Pix
2010 a : "A Commentary on the Straits G.T. Edition of 2010": Life of Prophet Muhammad.
  Straits G.T: George Town. Pp xii-xvii
2010 d : "The Economic Crisis, Capitalism and Islam: The Making of a New Economic Order?"
  Globalizations : Special Issue. Globalization and Crisis Vol. 7 Issue 1 Feb-March,
  Routledge: London. 101-109.
2010 : 'Saving Tanjong Tokong', Penang Economic Monthly Dec. Issue 12:10. pp 26-32.
2010 a : "The Economic Crisis, Capitalism and Islam: The Making of a New Economic Order?"
2011 a : 'Stratagems and Spoils in US Policy in the Middle East',
  Globalizations.: Special Forum on the Arab Revolution. Vol.8 No. 5 Oct. pp 601- 608.
2012 b : "More than a Mother : An Extraordinary Woman: Begum Bismillah Munawar (1921- 1985)" eds;,
  Aishah Ali, Halimah Said, Nor Azlina Yunus, Zainab Majid eds,
  Memories of our Mothers
  Malaysian Publishing House (MPH): Kuala Lumpur pp 16-23.
2013 a : Feasts of Penang: Muslim Culinary Heritage
  Malaysian Publishing House (MPH): Kuala Lumpur.
2013 b : "The 'Discovery' of Penang Island at Tanjong Tokong in 1785: Bapu Alaidin Meera Hussein Lebai
  and Captain Francis Light", Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society.
  Vol.86. Part 1 No 304 June.
2014 a : 'Philanthropy and Trust: Diversities in Civil and Global Approaches to Nationhood in
  the Straits of Malacca' in eds. Abdul Sheriff and Engseng Ho
  The Indian Ocean: Oceanic Connections and Creation of New Societies
  Chapter 10. Hurst: London(C).
2014 b : 'Restoring a Shop house'. Time-Out. April.
2014 c : 'Women in Violent Movements'. Encyclopaedia of Women and Islamic Cultures. Brill: Leiden (A).
2016 a : with Mohd Razha Rashid. "Differential Responses to Development and Modernity among the
Kintak Bong and the Ma' Betise". Malaysia's Endicott.
K ed. Original People": Past, Present and Future of the Orang Asli.
Singapore University Press. Singapore.
2016 b : 'A Way of Speaking Up'. Opinion, The Star, Saturday, April 23.
2016 c : 'Preserving a Historic Enclave'. Opinion, The Star, Thursday May 19.
2017 a : 'Feminism Undaunted: 40 years of Pioneering Gender Research'. Common Knowledge, Commonwealth Institute: London (A).
2017 b : 'In Body and Spirit: Redefining Gender Complementarity n Muslim Southeast Asia",
in Discourses, Agency and Identity in Malaysia: A Cultural Studies Perspective eds.
Zawawi Ibrahim, Gareth Richards and Rachel Chan Suet Kay

Research Grants Received 1

1979 - 81 : UNICEF, "Women, Children and Family Development in Underserved Areas in
  Kedah Malaysia" / KANITA
1979 - 81 : IDRC "Child-Rearing Practices in Malaysia"
1981 - 83 : Prime Minister's Dept. Malaysia/NACIWID "
  Women ,Culture and Family Development in Underserved Areas in Malaysia
1983 - 86 : Ford Foundation "Belief Systems of the Ma'Betise, of Carey Island"
1989 : UNESCO, "Cultural Transformation and Ethnicity in Malaysia"
1989 - 91 : Ford Foundation "Women Living Under Syariah Law in Malaysia"
1992 : UNESCO, "Environment, Culture and Indigenous Minorities in SEAsia"
1992 : ASEAN Women Entrepreneurial Fund, Govt. Of Canada, "Gender and HRD"
1994-96 : Toyota Foundation, "Indigenous Minorities of Peninsular Malaysia" Study of Cultural Conservation of the Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia
1996-98 : Royal Government of the Netherlands,
  "Cultural Conservation of Indigenous Minorities of Peninsular Malaysia"
2002 - 04 : IRPA, Min. of Science, Technology & Environment
  "Wetlands, Mangrove Rainforests and Innovations in Social Science Methodologies"
2002 - 04 : IRPA, Min. of Science, Technology & Environment "Social Safety Net and Gender"
2002 - 03 : Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development, "A National Study of Family
  Transformations in the Context of Changing Trends in Women's Work and Lifestyle in
2002 - 03 : Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development, "A National Study on
  Information and Communication Technologies and Gender
2003 - 04 : IRPA, Min. of Science, Technology & Environment 'Globalisation, Work and Gender"
2006 - 08 : Toyota Foundation 'Asia-Pacific Network on the Empowerment of Women Migrant
2011 : Thinkcity (Khazanah Nasional), Culinary Heritage of the Malays and Straits Muslims of Northern Malaysia
2011 : Thinkcity (Khazanah), Culinary Heritage of the Malays and Jawi Peranakan: Feasts of Penang
2012 : Muslim Heritage Trail Illustrative Mao of George Town. George Town World Heritage Incorporated (GTWHI)
2012 : Muslim Heritage of George Town. AlBukhary Foundation.
2014 : The Boria. George Town Festival (GTF).
2017 : Yayasan Hasanah, Khazanah. Boria: From Passion Play to Malay Parody.
2017 : Penang State Government. Jawi Peranakan Narratives, History & Heritage.
Excluding Grants for Travel, Book publications National Seminars and Conferences. Also excluded are unpublished papers presented at national and international conferences, reports and newsletters.

National and Global Achievements

  1. First woman anthropologist to live with the Orang Asli, Ma' Betisek/Mah Meri (indigenous minorities) of Malaysia 1972-74
  2. First Malaysian to win the Raymond Firth Award at the London School of Economics for best anthropological research thesis. 1977
  3. Pioneer of Gender Studies in Malaysia. 1978-2001
  4. Founder and Founding President of the Southeast Asian Association for Women (SAMA) 1995.
  5. Founder of the first Woman's Development Research Centre in a Malaysian University ( KANITA,USM). 2001-2004)
  6. Co-Founder of the Academy of Socio-economic Research and Analysis (ASERA), first academic NGO devoted to economic justice.1996
  7. First Woman to be appointed to the Andrew's Chair in the University of Hawaii, Manoa. 2003
  8. First Malaysian to win a Competitive Fellowship to Clare Hall, Cambridge, now First Malaysian Life Member 2006
  9. Highest number of international visiting Professorships obtained competitively by a social scientist in a public university in Malaysia until 2005
  10. First Adviser for Muslim Affairs, Penang Heritage Trust ( PHT) 2008-currently
  11. Co-Founder of the Jawi Peranakan/Malay Museum; Proposal written in 2005, Museum founded in 2008
  12. Founder of the Jawi Peranakan Heritage Society, Penang. (JAWI) 2011

Areas of Specialisation

  1. Cultural Minorities Cultural Transformation and Heritage (Orang Asli; Malays)
  2. Women, Gender and Development (Malaysia and Global)
  3. Practical Islam, Civil Society and Welfare (People) Economics
  4. Migration, Globalisation and Development